Hellebores : planting and care

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PLANTING OF HELLEBORES

  1. Choose a place where water DOES NOT STAGNATE in winter nor in summer. Hellebores are very resistant plants but don't like too wet places otherwise they can rot.
  2. Prepare a good planting hole: for hellebores, we suggest a hole of 50 x 50 x 50 cm. Replace 50 % of the bad soil by compost. Plants need nutrition, just like you. DON'T USE PEAT because it drys out very much over rainless periods and becomes then difficult to water again. As a result : your plants will suffer lack of water!

    planting scheme for hellebores

  3. Plant your hellebore approximately 5 cm above the normal ground level (after having taken off the pot of course). Don't add soil or compost above the root clod (see beside). If you did this, growth could slow down or disappear, the plant does not flower or can eventually die.
  4. Be careful with mulch because this can increase the risk of rot at the plant's basis.

 

CARE OF HELLEBORES

If you have followed our above planting advices, maintenance of your hellebores will be much easier:

  1. Be careful when watering. Avoid excesses of water with hellebores.
  2. If you see that your hellebore starts to rot on its basis or develops black spots or traces on its foliage, you can treat the whole plant (foliage as well as the basis) with Bordeaux mixture (used in organic agriculture). This is preventive and healing.Hellébore fané
  3. Take off wilted flowers. They take energy from the plant for the production of seed. The hellebore will become much stronger and healthier the following years. As it is difficult to identify wilted flowers of hellebores take a look at the picture on the right.This flower should be cut off even if it's still asolutely beautiful.
  4. Take off any seedlings around the initial plant. Hellebores are not stable and those seedlings won't have the same flowers. Seedlings tend to dominate the mother plant which can then disappear completely.
  5. DO NOT take off leaves in the beginning of winter and before flowering as it is adviced in many books and nurseries. Those leaves are an essential part of the plant and are vital for it. Your hellebore will then become stronger and healthier the following season. Prune only blackend leaves.
  6. Weed your garden as the ennemy number one of herbaceous plants is weed. Not only it hides herbaceous plants, but it can dominate them and even make them die.
  7. Clean your hellebores regularly: take off awful leaves (blackened) and dead flowers in order to leave space for new ones.

 

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